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However, in spite of the empirical validation, confusion still exists in the literature regarding EMDR. The therapy was discovered by therapist Dr. Francine Shapiro while on a walk in the park.
At least, that's her version. John Grinder, one of the founders of NLPclaims he taught the eye movement part to her when she worked for his office as an administrator in the s.
Shapiro's doctorate was earned at the now defunct and never accredited Professional School of Psychological Studies. Her bachelor's degree is in English literature.
No one has been able to adequately explain how EMDR is supposed to work. Some think it works something like acupuncture which allegedly unblocks chi: Or perhaps it works, as one therapist suggested, by the rapid eye movements sending signals to the brain which somehow tame and control the naughty part of the brain which had been causing the psychological problems.
I heard the latter explanation on a television news report December 2, The television station provided a nice visual of a cut-away head with sparks flying in the brain.
The anchorman warned us not to try this at home, that only licensed mental health professionals were qualified to give this kind of therapy. Some therapists apparently think EMDR works by activating a healing process in the brain whereby painful memories are re-processed and beliefs that sprang from them are eliminated and replaced by new, healthy beliefs.
But this is pure speculation. It has not been established beyond a reasonable doubt by any controlled studies that any positive effects achieved by an EMDR therapist's eye movement techniques are not likely due to chance, the placebo effectpatient expectancy, posthypnotic suggestion, other aspects e.
A Cochrane Collaboration report on psychological treatment of post traumatic stress disorder that there was no significant difference between EMDR and cognitive behavioral therapy. Shapiro cites quite a few, including her own. The reader is invited to look at her summaries of the research and determine for him- or herself just how adequate the evidence is in support of EMDR's eye movement component as the main causal agent in recovery from PTSD.
The study also provides significant evidence that spontaneous healing cannot account for this improvement.
Nevertheless, the study is unlikely to convince critics that EMDR's eye movement component is the main causal agent in measured improvement of PTSD subjects. I suspect that until a study is done which isolates the eye movement part from other aspects of the treatment, critics will not be satisfied.
It may well be that those using EMDR are effecting the cures they claim and thereby benefiting many victims of horrible experiences such as rape, war, terrorism, murder or suicide of a loved one, etc. It may well be that those using EMDR are directing their patients to restructure their memories, so that the horrible emotive aspect of an experience is no longer associated with the memory of the experience.
But, for now, the question still remains, whether the rapid eye movement part of the treatment is essential.
In fact, one of the control studies cited by Shapiro seems counter-indicative: In a controlled component analysis study of 17 chronic outpatient veterans, using a crossover design, subjects were randomly divided into two EMDR groups, one using eye movement and a control group that used a combination of forced eye fixation, hand taps, and hand waving.
Six sessions were administered for a single memory in each condition. Both groups showed significant decreases in self-reported distress, intrusion, and avoidance symptoms Pitman et al. Maybe hand taps will work just as well as eye movements. The key seems to be the alternating stimulation of the two sides of the brain.
Hume, Shapiro now calls the treatment Reprocessing Therapy and says that eye movements aren't necessary for the treatment!Aug 25, · In a meta-analysis of studies published between In a study published in the journal Pediatrics this desensitization toward violence and lack of sympathy for victims of violence.
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We describe successful desensitization to rosuvastatin. a meta-analysis of data from , participants in 26 randomized trials. Lancet. This article provided a protocol to replicate desensitization for high-risk cardiac patients with close monitoring within an inpatient medical setting.
REEW ARTCLE The Role of Eye Movement Desensitization and. Background: A substantial body of research shows that adverse life experiences contribute to both psychological and biomedical pathology.
Eye movement desensitization and reprocessing (EMDR) therapy is an empirically validated treatment for trauma, including such negative life experiences as commonly present in medical practice. Sen. Elizabeth Warren released the results of a DNA analysis indicating “strong evidence” she has Native American ancestry in a high-profile effort to refute President Trump’s assertion that.