As Albuquerque has progressed into modernity, it resisted the types of growth found in other cities. The area has grown at a fast pace since, and in was named by CNN and the U.
Research[ edit ] Since the s, psychologists have conducted experiments on the nature and limits of human multitasking. The simplest experimental design used to investigate human multitasking is the so-called psychological refractory period effect.
Here, people are asked to make separate responses to each of two stimuli presented close together in time. An extremely general finding is a slowing in responses to the second-appearing stimulus. Many researchers believe that the cognitive function subject to the most severe form of bottlenecking is the planning of actions and retrieval of information from memory.
Mayer and Moreno  studied the phenomenon of cognitive load in multimedia learning and concluded that it is difficult, if not impossible, to learn new information while engaging in multitasking.
Junco and Cotten examined how multitasking affects academic success and found that students who engaged in high levels of multitasking reported significant issues with their academic work. Therefore, multitasking people not only perform each task less suitably, but lose time in the process.
Though the brain is complex and can perform a myriad of tasks, it cannot multitask well.
The brain must then decide which activity is most important, thereby taking more time. These viewpoints differ in that while bottlenecking attempts to force many thoughts through the brain at once, adaptive executive control prioritizes tasks to maintain a semblance of order.
The brain better understands this order and, as psychologists such as Dr. Meyer believe, can, therefore, be trained to multitask. Some research suggests that the human brain can be trained to multitask. Dux, the co-author of the study, believes that this process can become faster through proper training.
The study trained seven people to perform two simple tasks, either separately or together and conducted brain scans of the participants.
The individuals multitasked poorly at first but, with training, were able to adeptly perform the tasks simultaneously. Brain scans of the participants indicate that the prefrontal cortex quickened its ability to process the information, enabling the individuals to multitask more efficiently.
However, the study also suggests that the brain is incapable of performing multiple tasks at one time, even after extensive training. People have a limited ability to retain information, which worsens when the amount of information increases.
For this reason, people alter information to make it more memorable, such as separating a ten-digit phone number into three smaller groups or dividing the alphabet into sets of three to five letters. While two or three numbers are easily repeated, fifteen numbers become more difficult.
The person would, on average, repeat seven correctly. This reward could be progress towards an overall task goal, or it could simply be the opportunity to pursue a more interesting or fun activity.
Payne, Duggan and Neth found that decisions to switch task reflected either the reward provided by the current task or the availability of a suitable opportunity to switch i.Are girls really better at reading than boys, or are the tests painting a false picture?
Date: January 18, Source: The University of Stavanger.
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