American expansion in the 19th century essay

Evolution[ edit ] Frederick Jackson Turner, c.

American expansion in the 19th century essay

From colonial times, African Americans arrived in large numbers as slaves and lived primarily on plantations in the South. In slave and free blacks together comprised about one-fifth of the U.

As the nation split between Southern slave and Northern free… Names and labels As Americans of African descent reached each new plateau in their struggle for equality, they reevaluated their identity. The slaveholder labels of black and negro Spanish for black were offensive, so they chose the euphemism coloured when they were freed.

Capitalized, Negro became acceptable during the migration to the North for factory jobs. Afro-American was adopted by civil rights activists to underline pride in their ancestral homeland, but black—the symbol of power and revolution—proved more popular.

All these terms are still reflected in the names of dozens of organizations. In the 21st century the terms black and African American both were widely used.

The early history of blacks in the Americas Africans assisted the Spanish and the Portuguese during their early exploration of the Americas. In the 16th century some black explorers settled in the Mississippi valley and in the areas that became South Carolina and New Mexico. The uninterrupted history of blacks in the United States began inwhen 20 Africans were landed in the English colony of Virginia.

Names and labels

These individuals were not slaves but indentured servants—persons bound to an employer for a limited number of years—as were many of the settlers of European descent whites. By the s large numbers of Africans were being brought to the English colonies. In blacks numbered almostand made up nearly one-fifth of the population of the United States.

Attempts to hold black servants beyond the normal term of indenture culminated in the legal establishment of black chattel slavery in Virginia in and in all the English colonies by Black people were easily distinguished by their skin colour the result of evolutionary pressures favouring the presence in the skin of a dark pigment called melanin in populations in equatorial climates from the rest of the populace, making them highly visible targets for enslavement.

Enslaved blacks were put to work clearing and cultivating the farmlands of the New World. Of an estimated 10 million Africans brought to the Americas by the slave tradeaboutcame to the territory of what is now the United States.

The overwhelming majority were taken from the area of western Africa stretching from present-day Senegal to Angola, where political and social organization as well as art, music, and dance were highly advanced.

With the increasing profitability of slavery and the slave trade, some Africans themselves sold captives to the European traders. The captured Africans were generally marched in chains to the coast and crowded into the holds of slave ships for the dreaded Middle Passage across the Atlantic Oceanusually to the West Indies.

Shock, disease, and suicide were responsible for the deaths of at least one-sixth during the crossing. Page 1 of 8.HISTORY ERAS • The First Americans • Colonial Era • American Revolution • Early National Period • Pre-Civil War Era • Slavery • Civil War • Reconstruction • Gilded Age • America Becomes a World Power • Progressive Era • World War I • s • Great Depression • World War II • Post-War Era • s • Vietnam War • • The 21st Century.

19th Century America. Updated July 30, JUMP TO.. Primary Documents - Timelines - Maps, - From Jefferson to the coming of the Civil War, Manifest Destiny & the Wild West, Industrial Revolution, Women's Rights, Inventions & Railroad History, The Gilded Age, Spanish-American War & Imperialism, The Progressive Era - .

American Memory is a gateway to rich primary source materials relating to the history and culture of the United States. The site offers more than 7 million digital items from more than historical collections. America’s Public Bible is under contract with Stanford University Press to be published in their digital publishing rutadeltambor.com version of the site is a prototype created as the first-prize winner of the Chronicling America Data Challenge, sponsored by the National Endowment for the rutadeltambor.com version in preparation for Stanford University Press will include a larger newspaper corpus.

The early history of blacks in the Americas

America’s Public Bible is under contract with Stanford University Press to be published in their digital publishing rutadeltambor.com version of the site is a prototype created as the first-prize winner of the Chronicling America Data Challenge, sponsored by the National Endowment for the rutadeltambor.com version in preparation for Stanford University .

19th Century America.

American expansion in the 19th century essay

Updated July 30, JUMP TO.. Primary Documents - Timelines - Maps, - From Jefferson to the coming of the Civil War, Manifest Destiny & the Wild West, Industrial Revolution, Women's Rights, Inventions & Railroad History, The Gilded Age, Spanish-American War & Imperialism, The Progressive Era - Populism, Various Misc.

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