Tourism has become the bread and butter industry for many countries blessed with amazing beaches, oceans and mountains. Visitors from around the world enjoy the hot spots and indulge in numerous adventure sports. Within 10 to 15 years, tourism has become a huge Global industry churning trillions of dollars.
Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Get Access Social and Cultural Negative Impacts of Tourism in Turkey Essay Sample Advocates defines tourism as the activities of persons travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes not related to the exercise of an activity remunerated from within the place visited and also refers to the sector of the national economy with complex functions that unites a number of goods and services, offer for consumption to those people.
Tourists as the guests and local community as the hosts are affecting each other also the destination in negative or positive ways. David Weaver, Laura Lawton The characteristics, aspects, attribution and the quality of residents are altered by consequences of the development process when a community becomes target destination for tourism.
The success and the maximized benefit depend on the attraction and service quality. Therefore the hospitality and cooperation of local residents are required. It is essential to comprehend host reactions and the elements that influence these attitudes in order to achieve the objective of positive, approvable and friendly support for tourism development.
Also, tension between residents and tourists can occur. People will often feel stressed over the new, increasingly hectic community and personal pace of life. They may claim the result is no better than before or perhaps even worse.
Where culture is part of tourist attractions, over-amplification of cultural traits and creation of new cultural traits to satisfy tourist tastes may create a phony culture.
Residents may experience a sense of exclusion and alienation over planning and development concerns.
When foreign business sources starts to take control on local development and investment, residents feel that the community is being abused.
Some of the impacts need to be investigated further; Overcrowding and congestion, exceeding area capacity cause stress, mostly disruption between businesses interacting with tourism industry. In the relaxed atmosphere, mostly in areas which is at the seaside excessive drinking, underage drinking problems happen mostly in areas which are at the seaside.
Due to the competition with tourist interest services forced out and relocated. Problems occur such as supply, water, power, fuel shortages. Most of the people work in the high season for 4 or 5 months which called high season. When the season is over their contract finishes and become unemployed.
In addition to this new employment opportunity attracts people who are not locals which causes new socio-cultural problems. This new also creates a problem such as cheap labouring which damages the service quality and local support. Overtime it may become difficult to rebuild this authenticity, traditions and values again.
In addition the types and variety of tourism products, there were new ideas expressed on how to minimise the costs and negative impacts of mass tourism have on harming the culture, socio-economic and environmental life.
It is emphasized that mass tourism is a large scale type of tourism which has bigger negative impacts.
However the demand was; alternative type is a small scaled type of tourism which is much more effective on cultural, historical, environmental and economic benefits on long terms. With the rapid development, human relations become commercialised in the community while social and cultural interactions start to lose their importance.
In relatively small tourism destinations, crowd and rising population cause pollution and congestion especially in the summer season which is the high season limits the public places such as beaches, parks, gardens as well as local services from the residents.
In result negative attitude towards tourists occurs. In Turkey, decision-makers of the tourism industry are concealing the negative impact of tourism from local communities because of the excessive need of foreign currency; politicians are unaware or are simply ignoring the situation due to maximum gain of earnings.
It is a vital mistake to uninform locals but to inform and co-operate with them and gain their support will bring the maximum performance and decrease the negative effects of tourism.
Cevat Tosun It is essential to identify the sources of negative problems that cause the impacts to analyze how they affect the cultural exchange between tourist and community. Impacts can occur in two ways. First is destination factor and second is guest factor. If categorisations are defined, those will be local carting capacity, travel circulation, management and strength of the host.Social changes: When the visitors appreciate the culture of the country, the local communities are filled with a sense of pride and self-confidence.
Tourists buy the local artifacts from the people helping them to raise their living standards. Compared to manufacturing, tourism has become more popular as an industry as it doesn’t damage the environment significantly. This article reviews ‘event tourism’ as both professional practice and a field of academic study.
The origins and evolution of research on event tourism are pinpointed through both chronological and thematic literature reviews.
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Economic and Social Impact of Tourism in the Case of Tourist Destinations in Carrying Capacity Issues Words | 3 Pages. publications (books, reports) related to a variety of issues, including tourism management, environmental, economic and social impacts of tourism in the case of tourist destinations in carrying capacity issues.
Why Tourism and Hospitality Management at LSBU? bus Free field trips to Newcastle and Barcelona help you see tourism and hospitality in action in different settings.
The socio-cultural impacts of tourism described here are the effects on host communities of direct and indirect relations with tourists, and of interaction with the tourism industry. For a variety of reasons, host communities often are the weaker party in interactions with their guests and service providers, leveraging any influence they might have.