Power and Privilege matter. One does not have to believe that all members of a social group have the attribute in order for it to be a stereotype.
By Daisy Grewal Nov. For example, people rate the quality of a scientific paper differently depending on whether they think a man or a woman wrote it.
Stereotypes also reduce the self-esteem, motivation, and intellectual performance of women and minorities through a process called stereotype threat. Stereotype threat reduces performance in situations where an individual might confirm a negative stereotype about his or her group.
In one example, researchers found that African-American college students performed worse on an SAT test when the students had been told that the test is a valid measure of intelligence. Learning more about the science of stereotypes can also help women and minorities prevent stereotypes from interfering with intellectual performance.
Such findings suggest that negative stereotypes pose a serious career obstacle for women and minority scientists. Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering, which recommended that scientific institutions adopt interventions that combat stereotypes.
See this box for recommendations on what institutions can do. But the focus of this article is on individual scientists: What can they do to prevent stereotypes from stifling their career advancement?
The advice this article offers is derived from my experiences as a social psychologist working in the Office of Diversity and Leadership at Stanford University School of Medicine.
Individual scientists can take at least three steps to buffer themselves against negative stereotypes: Demonstrate institutional commitment to diversity through strategic plans, mission statements, and other communication to employees. Educate organizational leaders on how stereotypes, especially those that are unconscious, affect hiring and evaluation decisions.
Consider educating all employees about how stereotypes affect decisions. Diversify the members of all hiring committees.
Make efforts to diversify candidate hiring pools in order to avoid creating "tokens. Create ground rules for hiring discussions, including keeping job criteria front and center and focusing on evidence rather than opinions.
Appoint at least one senior leader who is responsible for monitoring institutional fairness. Although numbers are important, focus equally on creating an inclusive organizational culture that supports diversity.
Help build and support professional networks that connect scientists of different backgrounds and ages. Develop leadership-development programs for scientists that incorporate diversity training.
Steve Gladfelter, Stanford University Educate yourself and others about the science of stereotypes One simple-yet-effective way to combat stereotypes is to raise awareness of how stereotypes affect decision-making.
Making people more aware of these processes helps them -- and you -- self-correct and thereby reduce the negative effects of stereotypes on decisions. Educating others can be as simple as presenting them with the social science research that demonstrates how, why, and when stereotypes are most likely to influence evaluation decisions.
When talking to others about stereotypes, it is important to emphasize that stereotypes are often not under our conscious control. Emphasizing this fact will reduce feelings of defensiveness. Scientists have been able to measure our unconscious stereotypes through a computer task called the Implicit Association Test IAT.
Most people find their results on the IAT surprising. Because stereotypes originate from the societies we live in, we all hold them to some degree. Evidence is growing that educating people about stereotypes helps foster diversity in science.
At least two studies -- one at the University of Michigan, Ann Arborand the other at the University of Wisconsin, Madison -- have shown that educating science faculty members about stereotypes leads to improvement in the rates at which women are hired onto faculties. Faculty attendance at training events also correlated with better hiring experiences for faculty recruits, especially women.
So, while it's a good idea to try to raise awareness, stereotypes are a touchy subject. An alternative to forcing people into a difficult conversation is to direct them toward resources from credible national organizations.
In one study, researchers taught women college students about stereotype threat and how it affects performance. Those women did just as well as men on a subsequent math test.
These results suggest that simply informing stereotyped groups about how stereotype threat works can diffuse its power. Grow your mindset Stanford University psychology professor Carol Dweck has found that our views of human nature influence our likelihood of stereotyping others.
People with a "fixed" mindset view human abilities as stable and difficult to change; consequently, they are more likely to use stereotypes to describe themselves and others.Stereotypes are the way we organize information about the social world.
We can't get rid of stereotyping because they occur automatically. If someone doesn't fit a stereotype, instead of deleting, we categorize as subtype (exception). Quick Answer. Stereotyping causes a person to miss opportunities to build relationships with certain types of people.
It can also lead to aggressive actions toward others. A business sales representative who judges a customer based on appearance or dress may miss a chance to make a sale. Feb 11, · The magazine interviewed more than 1, people, who recalled a barrage of shallow stereotypes — gold-diggers, hypersexual Jezebels and angry black women — saturating pop culture.
Apr 22, · there are no 'positive' stereotypes. stereotyping itself is prejudice shaka_zulu, Apr 22, darthgundam, Lord_Conflict and Modern_Myth like this.
Mortified_Penguin02 Oppai Senpai.
-stereotyping occurs automatically and in most cases out of our awareness-stereotypes are neutral -reflect efficient cognitive processes -motivates the person to focus on the positive aspects of the chosen thing and negative aspects of the other choices-Ex.
colleges. Recommendations for Institutions on Reducing the Impact of Negative Stereotypes. 1.
Demonstrate institutional commitment to diversity through strategic plans, mission statements, and other.